In Plato's Apology, Socrates looks forward to the after-life where he can meet figures such as Sisyphus, who think themselves wise, so that he can question them and find who is wise and who "thinks he is when he is not" Albert Camus, the French absurdist, wrote an essay entitled The Myth of Sisyphus, in which he elevates Sisyphus to the status of absurd hero.
Franz Kafka repeatedly referred to Sisyphus as a bachelor; Kafkaesque for him were those qualities that brought out the Sisyphus-like qualities in himself.
He took pleasure in these killings because they allowed him to maintain his iron-fisted rule.In Philoctetes by Sophocles, there is a reference to the father of Odysseus (rumoured to have been Sisyphus, and not Laërtes, whom we know as the father in the Odyssey) upon having returned from the dead.As a punishment for his trickery, King Sisyphus was made to endlessly roll a huge boulder up a steep hill.In another version, Hades was sent to chain Sisyphus and was chained himself. Because of this, sacrifices could not be made to the gods, and those that were old and sick were suffering.
The gods finally threatened to make life so miserable for Sisyphus that he would wish he were dead. Before King Sisyphus died, he had told his wife to throw his naked body into the middle of the public square (purportedly as a test of his wife's love for him). He is being punished for his self-aggrandizing craftiness and deceitfulness by being forced to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it come back to hit him, repeating this action for eternity.