Dating usa stands
State governments and the federal government work in very similar ways.
Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
In a republic like the United States, no party can do whatever they want.
All politicians have to argue, compromise, and make deals with each other to get things done.
The Supreme Court is made up of nine judges, called justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
One of these justices, called the chief justice, heads the court.
The executive branch of a state government is led by a governor, instead of a president. Electoral College elect a president who is the leader of the executive branch, as well as the leader of the armed forces.
The executive branch is the part of the government that enforces the law. The president may veto a bill that the Congress has passed, so it doesn't become a law.
There are still many powerful Democrats who can try to stop the Republicans from doing things that they believe will be bad for the country.
A Supreme Court justice serves until he or she dies or resigns (quits in the middle of his or her term).
When that happens, the president nominates someone new to replace the justice who left.
For example, Department of Commerce makes rules about trade. The Representatives are each elected by voters from a set area within a state. The leader of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House. In the Senate, each state is represented equally, by two senators.
The president chooses the heads of these departments, and also nominates federal judges. The legislative branch is called the United States Congress. The number of Representatives a state has is based on how many people live there. Because there are 50 states, there are 100 senators.The President may also make "executive orders" to ensure that people follow the law.