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"The entire population in the valley is deprived of a basic livelihood with no access to health, education and other facilities," says Jan.
He also states that a lack of entertainment activities in the area has compounded the addiction.
For Amin and other residents, the reasons behind the high addiction rate are the brutal cold in the valley and the tradition itself which begins from a young age.
However, local researcher, Dr Inayatullah Faizi, also sees free cross-border movement contributing to high opium smoking in the valley.
"Passive smoking triggers others, especially children, to take to the drug as well," he said, while sharing that he gave up on it some years ago.
CONSTANTLY at all times, he himself relied only on a vegetarian diet, and to others he gave numerous spoken teachings and written compositions on the unsuitability of killing sentient beings, the unsuitability of partaking food of flesh and blood, the drawbacks of partaking of it, the benefits of not partaking of it, and so on.